What is an Osseous Surgery and Why is it Performed?
Osseous surgery is a type of operation performed on the bone and overlying tissues of the teeth to purposely correct the teeth or gums in the mouth so as to enable the teeth lie in good shape by holding them together.
Aims of performing osseous surgery
The surgery is done to eliminate an infected or necrotic bone. It helps in reconstructing the bones in to a perfect shape. It is also done to treat various types of periodontal diseases such as gum diseases and is effective when performing an implant procedure.
Osseous surgery is used as a preventive measure of reducing pockets by eliminating the affected teeth. It helps in restoring the alveolar bone and also prevents rising local factors of the teeth. The surgery also enables one to effectively place mechanical barriers on teeth that have defects and also give a new attachment apparatus by reconstructing the periodontal unit.
Deep vertical defects can be corrected through this kind of surgery too. The defects that are often on the molars can be corrected by removing the bone on the molar furcation area. It facilitates the treatment of loss of bones around the teeth area which make them weak.
This surgery is performed to help achieve good scaling and also plans for a good root system of the affected tooth. Since there is no instrument that can do that better, the surgery remains an effective way.
Weak teeth are supported by the roots through this operation. The process enables the teeth to hold firmly for some time. It is mostly performed on the mandibular premolar area.
Osseous surgery also reconstructs deep invasions of the upper and lower molars on the buccals or the linguals. They help rebuild attachment apparatus in the furcation area for easy maintenance.
It is however important to note that one should undergo periodontal therapy to determine whether the surgery will be effective. After the surgery, high standards of hygiene should also be observed to prevent chances of contracting any disease. When proper hygiene is not observed it becomes easy for an infection to occur.
This surgery can also help replace decayed teeth. They are carefully removed then replaced with a layer of new, strong and well shaped teeth.
It is also important to note that bleeding and swelling may occur after the surgery has been conducted but can be controlled easily by placing an ice pack on the outside of the affected area. In cases where the bleeding and swelling is in excess it is advised that you seek medical attention because the infection may be severe.
There should be no cause for alarm when your teeth react to hot or cold drinks since after this treatment, the teeth become so sensitive making the roots to develop cavities. Always remember that osseous surgery can never be performed in areas where the bones have been lost horizontally. The procedure should also not be performed in esthetic areas because it creates space in between the teeth, resulting to a poor arrangement of teeth.