Some Background Information about Engineering and Its Roles in Our Society
It is a fact that part of the engineering profession is on health, safety and environmental management in a country with the goal to care, and also relating to economic and legal reasons. Engineering has its own code of practice that takes into account public safety, risk management, workplace and construction site, public and community well being, communication, conflicts of interest and confidentiality.
Practicing the engineering profession is entrusted to those who are qualified and they have the task of applying their skills in engineering, their scientific knowledge and ingenuity, for the purpose of advancing the welfare of humanity and quality of life. The conduct of engineers follow some fundamental principles that cover truth, honesty and trustworthiness in giving services to the society, and who ethical and honourable practices that would show towards their clients the courtesy, fairness and good faith. The societal, cultural, economic, environmental and safety concerns are taken into account by engineers, and they strive to use the world’s resources efficiently so that the long term needs of humanity is met.
Know that in virtually all engineering design processes, safety is always a concern. It is the understanding of engineers in the context of engineering design that safety is taken into account and means that a design is safe and human injuries are avoided.
In order to achieve safety operations concerning technology that are potentially dangerous, there are some design strategies that are used in the engineering profession, and these are the inherently safe design, safety factors, negative feedback and multiple independent safety barriers.
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Engineering principles of safety have some safety practices that are of general importance and these include the education of operators, maintenance of equipment, and installations and incidence reporting.
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Engineering practice considers safety as an essential ethical requirement, thus safe designs are used to both cope up with hazards and eventualities and also to reduce the possibilities of injuries. Engineering design therefore always consider safety against human injuries or death that might happen as a result of wronged use of the designed object intended for the prevention of damage to the environment and long term health effects prevention. For example is when a bridge collapses, the engineers who designed it will be held responsible for the consequences.
Note that there are some fundamental values with regards to the ethical obligations in the engineering practice that are important, and some of these are safeguarding and protecting human lives, professionalism, commitment to public well being, care for the environment, and engineering sustainance.
Engineers are to further uphold some of the engineering practice requirements, like being careful and diligent in their competence, considering the health, safety and environmental welfare of humanity, and their constant review of the impact of their projects and actions to the society and environment as a whole.